(Teachings of Gautama Buddha meaning “the enlightened one”)
Buddhism encompasses a variety of traditions and beliefs widespread throughout Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Its beliefs are built upon the teachings of Siddhartha Guatama (Buddha), meaning “enlightened one”, who was said to have lived between 300-500 B.C. He shared insights to help the sentient (conscious life) end their dukkha (suffering) through avidyá (eradication of ignorance) by fully understanding one’s pratítyasamutpáda (dependent origination) and eliminating tanhá (desire) in order to reach the sublime state of nirvána. Buddhist foundations are based on what are called the ‘Three Jewels’: the Buddha, the Dharma (the teachings), and the Sangha (the community).